Willkommen, schön sind Sie da!
Logo Ex Libris

Soft-Matter Characterization

  • Set mit div. Artikeln (Set)
  • 1452 Seiten
(0) Erste Bewertung abgeben
Bewertungen
(0)
(0)
(0)
(0)
(0)
Alle Bewertungen ansehen
Redouane Borsali is Director of Research at the LCPO, a Polymer Research CNRS Laboratory, associated with the University of Bordea... Weiterlesen
CHF 820.00
Auslieferung erfolgt in der Regel innert 2 bis 3 Wochen.

Beschreibung

Autorentext

Redouane Borsali is Director of Research at the LCPO, a Polymer Research CNRS Laboratory, associated with the University of Bordeaux, France. He studied Physics at the University of Tlemcen, Algeria and received his Masters and Ph.D. in Polymer Physics at the Institute Charles Sadron (Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg, France) in 1988. After his postdoctoral research position at the Max-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) at Mainz, Germany in 1990 he joined the CNRS (Grenoble, France). In 1995, he spent a sabbatical leave at Stanford University and at IBM Almaden Research Center, CA, USA as a visiting scientist. He joined the LCPO in 2000 as the Polymer Physical-Chemistry Group Leader. His main research activities are focused on the study of the Structure, Dynamics and Self-assemblies of "Soft Matter" and particularly on Controlled Architecture Polymers such as block copolymers, polymer mixtures, polyelectrolytes, micelles, vesicles and rod-like particles. He is the author or co-author of over 110 research articles and two books.

Robert Pecora is Professor of Chemistry at Stanford University, USA. He received his A.B., A.M. and Ph.D. degrees from Columbia University, USA. After postdoctoral work at the Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium and Columbia University he joined the Stanford University faculty in 1964. His research interests are in the areas of condensed phase dynamics of small molecules, macromolecules and colloids of both materials and biological interest. He is one of the major developers of the dynamic light scattering technique and has used many of the other techniques described in these volumes. His research emphasis is now on liquids near the glass transition, rigid rod polymers, polyelectrolytes and composite liquids. He is the author or co-author of over 130 research articles and five books.



Klappentext

Progress in basic soft matter research is driven largely by the experimental techniques available. Much of the work is concerned with understanding them at the microscopic level, especially at the nanometer length scales that give soft matter studies a wide overlap with nanotechnology.

This 2 volume reference work, split into 4 parts, presents detailed discussions of many of the major techniques commonly used as well as some of those in current development for studying and manipulating soft matter. The articles are intended to be accessible to the interdisciplinary audience (at the graduate student level and above) that is or will be engaged in soft matter studies or those in other disciplines who wish to view some of the research methods in this fascinating field.

Part 1 contains articles with a largely (but, in most cases, not exclusively) theoretical content and/or that cover material relevant to more than one of the techniques covered in subsequent volumes. It includes an introductory chapter on some of the time and space-time correlation functions that are extensively employed in other articles in the series, a comprehensive treatment of integrated intensity (static) light scattering from macromolecular solutions, as well as articles on small angle scattering from micelles and scattering from brush copolymers. A chapter on block copolymers reviews the theory (random phase approximation) of these systems, and surveys experiments on them (including static and dynamic light scattering, small-angle x-ray and neutron scattering as well as neutron spin echo (NSE) experiments). This chapter describes block copolymer behavior in the "disordered phase" and also their self-organization. The volume concludes with a review of the theory and computer simulations of polyelectrolyte solutions.

Part 2 contains material on dynamic light scattering, light scattering in shear fields and the related techniques of fluorescence recovery after photo bleaching (also called fluorescence photo bleaching recovery to avoid the unappealing acronym of the usual name), fluorescence fluctuation spectroscopy, and forced Rayleigh scattering. Volume 11 concludes with an extensive treatment of light scattering from dispersions of polysaccharides.

Part 3 presents articles devoted to the use of x-rays and neutrons to study soft matter systems. It contains survey articles on both neutron and x-ray methods and more detailed articles on the study of specific systems- gels, melts, surfaces, polyelectrolytes, proteins, nucleic acids, block copolymers. It includes an article on the emerging x-ray photon correlation technique, the x-ray analogue to dynamic light scattering (photon correlation spectroscopy).

Part 4 describes direct imaging techniques and methods for manipulating soft matter systems. It includes discussions of electron microscopy techniques, atomic force microscopy, single molecule microscopy, optical tweezers (with applications to the study of DNA, myosin motors, etc.), visualizing molecules at interfaces, advances in high contrast optical microscopy (with applications to imaging giant vesicles and motile cells), and methods for synthesizing and atomic force microscopy imaging of novel highly branched polymers..

Soft matter research is, like most modern scientific work, an international endeavor. This is reflected by the contributions to these volumes by leaders in the field from laboratories in nine different counties. An important contribution to the international flavor of the field comes, in particular, from x-ray and neutron experiments that commonly involve the use of a few large facilities that are multinational in their staff and user base.



Zusammenfassung

Preface

Soft matter (or soft condensed matter) refers to a group of systems that includes polymers, colloids, amphiphiles, membranes, micelles, emulsions, dendrimers, liquid crystals, polyelectrolytes, and their mixtures. Soft matter systems usually have structural length scales in the region from a nanometer to several hundred nanometers and thus fall within the domain of "nanotechnology". The soft matter length scales are often characterized by interactions that are of the order of thermal energies so that relatively small perturbations can cause dramatic structural changes in them. Relaxation on such long distance scales is often relatively slow so that such systems may, in many cases, not be in thermal equilibrium.

Soft matter is important industrially and in biology (paints, surfactants, porous media, plastics, pharmaceuticals, ceramic precursors, textiles, proteins, polysaccharides, blood, etc.). Many of these systems have formerly been grouped together under the more foreboding term "complex liquids." A field this diverse must be interdisciplinary. It includes, among others, condensed matter physicists, synthetic and physical chemists, biologists, medical doctors, and chemical engineers. Communication among researchers with such heterogeneous training and approaches to problem solving is essential for the advancement of this field.

Progress in basic soft matter research is driven largely by the experimental techniques available. Much of the work is concerned with understanding them at the microscopic level, especially at the nanometer length scales that give soft matter studies a wide overlap with nanotechnology.

This volume presents detailed discussions of many of the major techniques commonly used as well as some of those in current development for studying and manipulating soft matter. The articles are intended to be accessible to the interdisciplinary audience (at the graduate student level and above) that is or will be engaged in soft matter studies or those in other disciplines who wish to view some of the research methods in this fascinating field.

The books have extensive discussions of scattering techniques (light, neutron and X-ray) and related fluctuation and optical grating techniques that are at the forefront of soft matter research. Most of the scattering techniques are Fourier space techniques. In addition to the enhancement and widespread use in soft matter research of electron microscopy, and the dramatic advances in fluorescence imaging, recent years have seen the development of a class of powerful new imaging methods known as scanning probe microscopies. Atomic force microscopy is one of the most widely used of these methods. In addition, techniques that can be used to manipulate soft matter on the nanometer scale are also in rapid development. These include the above-mentioned scanning probe microscopies as well as methods utilizing optical and magnetic tweezers. The articles cover the fundamental theory and practice of many of these techniques and discuss applications to some important soft matter systems. Complete in depth coverage of techniques and systems would, of course, not be practical in such an enormous and diverse field and we apologize to those working with techniques and in areas that are not included.

Soft matter research is, like most modern scientific work, an international endeavor. This is reflected by the contributions to these volumes by leaders in the field from laboratories in nine different counties. An important contribution to the international flavor of the field comes, in particular, from x-ray and neutron experiments that commonly involve the use of a few large facilities that are multinational in their staff and user base. We thank the authors for taking time from their busy schedules to write these articles as well as for enduring the entreaties of the editors with patience and good (usually) humor.

R. Borsali R. Pecora

September 2007



Inhalt

VOLUME I

1. Basic Concepts Scattering and Time Correlation Functions (R. Pecora)
2. Total Intensity Light Scattering from Solutions Macromolecules (G.C. Berry)
3. Disordered Phase and Self-Organization of Block Copolymer Systems (C. Giacomelli and R. Borsali)
4. Small-Angle Scattering from Surfactants and Block Copolymer Micelles (J.S. Pedersen)
5. Brush-Like Polymers (Y. Nakamaru and T. Norisuye)
6. Polyelectrolytes-Theory and Simulations (C. Holm)
7. Dynamic Light Scattering (B. Chu)
8. Light Scattering from Multicomponent Polymer Systems in Shear Fields: Real-time, In Situ Studies of Dissipative Structures in Open Nonequilibrium Systems (T. Hashimoto)
9. Light Scattering from Polysaccharides as Soft Material (W. Burchard)
10. Fluorescence Photobleaching Recovery (P.S. Russo, J. Qiu, N. Edwin, Y.W. Choi, G. J. Doucet, and D. Sohn)
11. Fluorescence Correlation Spectroscopy (E. Haustein and P. Schwille)
12. Forced Rayleigh Scattering Principles and Application (Self Diffusion of Spherical Nanoparticles and Copolymer Micelles) (W. Schärtl)

VOLUME II

13. Small-Angle Neutron Scattering and Applications in Soft Condensed Matter (I. Grillo)
14. Small Angle Neutron Scattering on Gels (M. Shibayama)
15. Complex Melts under Extreme Conditions: From Liquid Crystal to Polymers (L. Noirez)
16. In Situ Investigation of Adsorbed Amphiphilic Block Copolymers by Ellipsometry and Neutron Reflectometry (R. Toomey and M. Tirrell)
17. Synchroton Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering (T. Narayanan)
18. X-Ray Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (XPCS) (G. Grübel, A. Madsen, and A. Robert)
19. Analysis of Polyelectrolytes by Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering (M. Ballauff)
20. Small-Angle Scattering of Block Copolymers (I. Hamley and V. Castelletto)
21. Structural Studies of Proteins and Nucleic Acids in Solution Using Small-Angle X-Ray Scattering (SAXS) (R. Das and S. Doniach)
22. Transmission Electron Microscopy Imaging of Block Copolymer Aggregates in Solutions (N. Duxin and A. Eisenberg)
23. Single-Molecule Studies of DNA (J.P. Rickgauer and D.E. Smith)
24. Single Molecule Microscopy (Y. Ishii, J. Kozuka, S. Esaki and T. Yanagida)
25. Visualising Properties of Polymers at Interfaces (G. Reiter)
26. Optical Microscopy of Fluctuating Giant Vesicles and Motile Cells (H.G. Döbereiner)
27. Highly-Branched Polymers: From Comb to Dendritic Architectures (P. Viville, M. Schappacher, R. Lazarroni, and A. Deffieux)
28. AFM Imaging in Physiological Environment: From Biomolecules to Living Cells (T. Cohen-Bouhacina and A. Maali)

Produktinformationen

Titel: Soft-Matter Characterization
Editor:
EAN: 9781402082900
ISBN: 978-1-4020-8290-0
Format: Set mit div. Artikeln (Set)
Herausgeber: Springer Nature EN
Genre: Physik & Astronomie
Anzahl Seiten: 1452
Gewicht: 0g
Größe: H235mm x B155mm
Jahr: 2008
Auflage: 2008.